AIM Swasthya, appreciates and applies the richness of traditions and nuances of new age biomedicine. For personal consultations, these are carefully titrated for you towards your experience of Swasthya.

Ayurveda had structured methods to acquire knowledge, which were called the Pramaanas (described below). Modern research for the same purpose is mostly based on probability based statistical testing. It has also been used sometimes to investigate Ayurveda’s principles and recommendations. AIM Swasthya incorporates rationale from both types of evidence to understand both problems and solutions better for each individual.


In Ayurveda, personal experience, experience of patients and peers have an important role to play. However knowledge seeking was not restricted to empirical experience alone as gathered by the repeated mention ‘pramaanas’ in the ancient texts. Pramaanas were the guides to procuring and processing information which would eventually acrit into knowledge. It is used widely in the Vedic philosophy and sciences, not just health.

There were broadly five types of Pramaanas: Pratyaksha, Anumaana, Yukti, Upmaana, Aapta. At the risk of over simplifying, here is a brief explanation of all five.

Pratyaksha is that which is learnt by using the senses.
Anumaana is assuming presence of the cause when one sees an effect.
Yukti is to cleverly design tests with variable knowns and unknowns to study nature of objects.
Upmaana was used to perceive analogous conditions in order to improve understanding and allow for interventions.
Aapta praamana is assumed certain ‘truths’ which are difficult to perceive normally. These had to be established by only some chosen, ‘self – realized’ authorities who would arrive at the same ‘truth’ independently.


dual evidence